|This article is reprinted from the Winter 1996 issue of FIDELIO Magazine.
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The Essential Subjectivity of Science
Above, we employed the example of Mozarts Ave Verum Corpus to identify those features of B. Riemanns discoveries which are characteristic of both scientific and technological progress, and also of progress based upon discoveries of rational principle within the domain of the Classical art-forms.65
We now turn to present the principal implications of that evidence: Contrary to simple-minded illiterates, and other superstitious persons, physical science is not objective knowledge. Science is not a reflection of the universe as simply reflected into our minds by our senses, as if by a kind of mirror. Science is premised upon the experimental evidence obtained through mankinds relevant successes and failures in our species efforts to increase its power over the universe. The very term scientific objectivity, is a paralogism; it bespeaks a person afflicted with superstition. Only after we have acknowledged the essential subjectivity of knowledge, do we escape from that erotic bondage called sensual science.
Reference the general function identified above:
This, as indicated at an earlier point in this report, represents the role of hypothesizing the higher hypothesis as underlying all scientific and related progress in human knowledge and practice. This is a statement, in terms of a Leibniz-Riemann-referenced mode of analysis situs, of the axiomatic generality of all valid scientific knowledge: Since the history of mans increase of our species power to command the universe to our species benefit, is a history of mans hypothesizing the higher hypothesis, the term science is properly delimited in use to signifying rational comprehension of the process of hypothesizing the higher hypothesis. In that sense, we must think of the subjectivity of science.
In terms of the adding of relatively valid new theorems according to some fixed hypothesis, mans power to increase the potential relative population-density of our species has a limit. Our species exceeds that limit; but, that success occurs solely through experimentally validated, axiomatic-revolutionary changes in hypothesis. It is such axiomatic-revolutionary changes, all within the domain of hypothesis, which constitute the action, by means of which mankind exceeds the bounds of any fixed theorem-lattice. This action is the change referenced by Heracleitus famous apothegm, Nothing is constant, but change. That is the same notion of change which Plato introduces as the crucial conception of his Parmenides. In first approximation, this change, this action, is located ontologically within the domain of higher hypothesis: the efficient, valid change, from one hypothesis to a higher one. The generalization of this notion of change, or Platos becoming, is located within the domain of hypothesizing the higher hypothesis.
Thus, the reality of the universe is comprehended by the mind, not the ignorant mans blind, irrational faith in the bare experience of his senses. That is the definition of Reason, as used by Johannes Kepler; we have already referenced this here, above, as Leibnizs notion of necessary and sufficient reason. The notion of the necessary, efficient existence of functional time-reversal, arises, as necessity, from these considerations.
The lesson of the progress of science, in these, Platonic terms of reference, is that the universe is, in effect, so pre-designed, that it is obliged to obey mans will, whenever mans will is expressed according to Reason: according to valid changes in hypothesis, from lower to higher hypotheses. The relevant action, by means of which the efficient principle of existence of the human species is defined, is the advancement of mans operating hypothesis, from a relatively lower hypothesis, to a relatively more valid, more powerfully efficient one. In effect, the relevant changes are typified mathematically, in the form of an increase of the Gauss-Riemann physical-space-time curvature, by the relative, transfinite cardinality of action.
This is the essence of that which deserves the name of science, or of Classical art.
The experience of scientific, or artistic activity, so defined, is presented to our minds in two ways. On the one side as the form of analysis situs demonstrably cohering with the increase of mankinds power over the universe. In physical economy, this form is correlated with mankinds willful increase of the potential relative population-density of our species. On the other side, as Classical art typifies this, this activity of our minds is expressed in the form of the emotion associated with what Plato and the Apostle Paul identify as Agape.66 The mind is able to distinguish Agape from the erotic impulses associated with the materialists blind faith in sense-certainty.67
(Notably: The indispensable function performed by successful Classical art-forms, is to bring forth the motive quality of Agape in its more concentrated expression. The Classical motivic thorough-composition of anti-Romantic, well-tempered polyphony, by W. Mozart, the later Joseph Haydn, Beethoven, and Brahms, is the typical expression of this, like the great and prolific well-tempered polyphony of J.S. Bach before them.68)
Hence, the fundamental distinction between Plato and Aristotle. Hence, the legitimately Aristotelean, modern, Venetian tradition of mortalism, traced through Paduas anti-Renaissance Pietro Pomponazzi and Michel Montaigne, through the Seventeenth-century followers of Paolo Sarpi.69 Whereas, in the relevant tradition of Christian civilization, the Aristotelean, like the bathless hesychast, the Stoic, the Epicurean, and kindred schools of pornography, contemplates the world, the Platonist masters that world, and that out of a sense of the responsibility inhering in a creature made in the image of God, in the sense of the cup passed to Christ in Gethsemane. For the Aristotelean, such as the empiricist and irrationalist Immanuel Kant, the world is a construct, fabricated from the detritus of naive sense-certainty. Thus, for the Kant who purports to be the Apostle of Reason, it is the central feature of his Romantic reconstruction of empiricism, in his Critiques, that an efficient form of Reason does not exist.70 Out of the related version of empiricism, the Ockham simplification promulgated by Paolo Sarpi and his followers, we have that contemplative standpoint in mathematical formalism of Isaac Newton, Leonhard Euler, and their radical-positivist followers, such as Bertrand Russell, Norbert Wiener, John Von Neumann, et al.
Hence, given this fundamental controversy between the experimental standpoint of Cusa, da Vinci, Kepler, Leibniz, Monge-Carnot, Gauss, and Riemann, versus contemplative, ivory tower philosophies of science, any attempted approach to the issues of scientific method which is not rooted in rigorous study of the Plato-Aristotle controversy in philosophy, would be the bungling enterprise of a science-illiterate, one acting as a virtual charlatan. It is toleration of such charlatanry in the name of generally accepted classroom mathematics, which gave us the infamous Solvay Conferences of the 1920s, the toleration of B. Russells hoaxes, and the narrow corners, such as Andrei Sakharovs work, into which the evidence of time-reversal has been confined to date.
Mans knowledge of the lawful composition of our universe is limited, by necessity to those processes of knowledge which have shown themselves to lead to mankinds repeated improvement of the number, demographic characteristics, and per-capita power of our species over the universe. Let us agree to name that test of knowledge according to the spirit of Riemanns experimental physics, The Great Experiment. The primary task of science is, therefore, to discern and define those processes within the sovereign domain of individual human cognition, by means of which the successful furthering of the process of hypothesizing the higher hypothesis is to be promoted. It is in that context, that a rational comprehension of the principle of time-reversal becomes accessible.
The measurable impact of time-reversal must necessarily lie within the conceptual bounds of the crucial discovery at the center of Riemanns habilitation dissertation. In other words, applying those methods of C.F. Gauss general principles of curved surfaces (which Riemann incorporated in the method of his own discovery), there must be a measurable difference in the implied curvature of physical space-time, reflecting the action of time-reversal upon the function as otherwise determined. For this case, measurement appears in two available expressions: (1) The measurement of extension, as this is extended from Gauss work on the higher expressions of biquadratic residues; (2) As expressed by discontinuities in attempted simple extension.
Once more, return to our referenced musical example, to define the form of this set of relations. What is to be emphasized here, as in reference to this musical case in earlier published locations, is that the characteristic feature of Classical art is the evocation of Agape, by means of the rigorous subordination of art to that Platonic principle of Reason, the which is expressible only by the form of development which employs resolving transitions to new hypotheses of a relative higher cardinality than the utterance of the preceding hypothesis. Thus, as Pablo Casals instructed his master-class students, in great art, as typified by his beloved J.S. Bach, there is never repetition, but always contrapuntally progressive variation.71
As we stressed earlier, here: In the referenced illustrative case, the progression through a series of polyphonic hypotheses, into the culminating hypothesis which concludes the composition, registers the composition as a whole as a process of development located ontologically within the domain of a specific proposition, that within the domain of higher hypothesis. Now, once that is apprehended by the performer, or hearer, every detail of the performance must be subordinated to that specific proposition otherwise defined only at the close of the piece. The result is a shading of interpretation in the shaping of each interval of the composition, both within the individual voice, and across the polyphonic voices. The effect is of a slight deviation of the physical space-time curvature in the performance: conductor Furtwänglers doctrine of performing between the notes.
That must not be over-simplified. Each locality within the composition belongs to one among the sequence of polyphonic hypotheses, and must be so performed; but, that hypothesis must be affected in the shading of its performance by the proposition which locates the development process of the composition as a whole within the domain of higher hypothesis. The image of Gauss development of, and Riemanns apprehension of higher implications of biquadratic residues, is forced to our attention, thus. In music, it is the ability to hear, to recognize, and to anticipate the distinction between appropriate and inappropriate shadings of difference of curvature within the performance, which is crucial. In music, as otherwise, such music must be heard first in the mind, and, after that, what is heard so in the mind must command the instruments employed.72
Those differences in manifest physical space-time curvature, are, relatively speaking, the more readily accessible feature of the principle of time-reversal: Its efficient presence can be measured so, whether in musical performance or physics as such. The more profound aspect of matter forces our attention to the functional implications of true discontinuities. The crux of the matter is efficiently introduced by the following proposition.
How is it possible for the human mind to perceive a mental object, whose form does not originate from within the domain of sense-perception? To most, that question immediately suggests the domain of microphysics; it must be recognized that the concepts of microphysics are but a derivative of the general category of Platonic ideas. Restate the proposition in other terms: How are singularities, such as metaphors, afforded discrete distinctness within the mind? The answer from any literate person should be: by the juxtaposition which we term irony: a double meaning, the which can not be resolved deductively.
The quality of definiteness attributable to a Platonic idea, is derived from the association of such an idea with a formal discontinuity. This involves a non-linear transition, as from one hypothesis to another, a transition which occurs in such a manner that it must appear to a deductive mind-set as a leap of comprehension across an incomprehensible gap. This may be a valid metaphor, in poetry, Classical drama, painting, or music; or, it may be the introduction of the need to consider a new quality of principle (a new hypothesis), as a precondition for accounting for the actual continuation of a process, as in the case of Riemanns Fortpflanzung paper, referenced here earlier.
On this same point, consider a map of science in general, which we have identified in locations published earlier. If we seek to outline the full domain of scientific inquiry from the standpoint of the relations of hypothesis, we have the following, general, preliminary result.
We divide the domain of inquiry among three classes of phenomena and three categories of relationship of judgments to methods of empirical inquiry. The three general classes of phenomena are: (1) Ostensibly non-living processes, both organic and inorganic in ostensible composition; (2) Living, but presumably non-cognitive processes; (3) Cognitive processes. The three categories of inference are: (a) Astrophysics, (b) Microphysics, (c) Macrophysics. This yields a table of nine cells. Since the existence of this evidence is conditional upon the existence of human cognition, it is the driving of the cognitive processes to the ever-expanded limits of inquiry into astrophysics, microphysics, living processes, and cognition itself, which underlies this nine-cell domain of science as a whole.
All of the permutations of relations among the nine cells are defined in terms of strict boundaries, strict discontinuities. Consider the most exemplary such case, the transition of what is ostensibly the same living process into a non-living state, and the distinction between living processes which are typified by cognitive functions, and those which are not. What are the transitions which separate these states? Define them functionally. The difference in organization of the three states is expressed as a difference within hypothesizing the higher hypothesis, a difference, however apparently subtle, in the effective curvature of the process.
On this account, the peculiarity of living processes, and also cognitive ones, is of the form of time-reversal: the apparent pre-determination of the next phase-state in a way which either distinguishes a living from a non-living process, or a cognitive from a non-cognitive activity within a living process. For this, the conceits of A.M. Turing and his followers will not do. Once we have identified the necessity of time-reversal for one class of processes within the array, we have identified the necessity for the generality of functional time-reversal.
The introduction of the notion of time-reversal, obliges us to face up to the implied questions: What is the efficient future to be considered? What is the efficient scope of the relevant past?
The truth is always elegant and lovely, but the delusions which commonly obstruct access to that truth, tend toward the ugly sentimentalities of the rutting Yahoo class. The clinical problem to be addressed, is illustrated by reference to those commonplace, pathetic commentaries upon musical compositions, the which inhabit concert program notes, or the dust jackets of recordings. According to that Romantic irrationalism, the which has dominated British taste since Thomas Hobbes outlawed metaphor, the purported explanation of a Biblical text or a musical composition is to be found in the orgasmic domain of erotic symbology.73
One might say, that our perennially prissy British art critics, like their American mimics, are as irrationally symbol-minded in their artistic opinions, as in their lunatic, low-church notions of the future, their so-called Biblical prophecies. Indeed, if we understand the mental breakdown of such critics, when faced with time-reversal as it occurs in poetic speech or music, we have ready insight into the pathetic mental condition of that homicidal, American, Lost Cause variety of Protestant cults, the which predict, that erecting a Hebrew temple on the site of Jerusalems Dome of the Rock, will unleash End Times events, leading to the Rapture, thus, presumably, freeing them from the obligation to meet next months mortgage-payment.
The name of the issue underlying each and all of those mental disorders of the symbol-minded, is Bad Infinity. In gnostic parodies of Christianity, such pathetic symbol-mindedness may assume the form of End Times prophecies. In respect to Classical art, it appears as the inability to accept the notion that a future event, the apprehension of the metaphor at the close of a poem or musical composition, must efficiently shape the development of the composition at each preceding point in time. Thus, the distaste for Classical poetry and music among the cognitively illiterate, such as the wont for the rage-brimming, Brechtian soap-operas of Country and Western whines, like the wont for todays rutting-and-gore, story-free Hollywood entertainments, reflects the flight from Agape to Eros.
The Classical composition, in any medium, follows the underlying model of the Greek Classic, the same Classical humanist model found in the educational programs of the Brothers of the Common Life and in the Schiller-Humboldt program for Classical Humanist education in Germany. Such education, and such art, submits to the policy, that the development of the mind of the young, must be the students experience of the reenactment of the actual process of original discovery of a principle of nature within the sovereign domain of the individual students mind. The re-discovery of the principle, at the end of that reenacted experience, is, thus, akin to the final hypothesis of Mozarts Ave Verum Corpus; in music, as in Pauls I Corinthians 13, as in life, the test of death returns our thought to an agapic vision of lifes meaning.74
As Mindy Pechenuks description showed, Mozarts setting of this motet, leads the music through a succession of hypotheses, thus impelling the singers and audience into the kind of excitation of the sovereign cognitive processes of the individual mind, which evokes the experience of re-creating Mozarts discovered principle, and thus evokes the quality of emotion which Plato and the Apostle Paul identify as Agape. Thus, music, so employed, evokes the highest level of Reason.75 This is the same Reason employed to effect either an original, valid discovery of natural principle, or the reenactment of that original, sovereign mental act of discovery.
Motivic thorough-composition, a revolution effected within the domain of J.S. Bachs well-tempered polyphony, demonstrates the twofold absurdity of the claims upon which Immanuel Kant bases the entirety of his famous Critiques. Mozarts Ave Verum Corpus demonstrates not only that the principle of valid original discovery of principle is cognizable, but that the same principle of Reason which Mozart employed for this composition, is the principle of Reason underlying all valid scientific discovery. The most fundamental principles of either art or science can be comprehended, only if we reject the irrationalist war-cry of Kants Critique of Judgment, Savignys hermetic separation of natural science (Naturwissenschaft) from art (Geisteswissenschaft), to recognize the underlying interdependency of art and science, as did the founder of comprehensive mathematical physics, Johannes Kepler. The notions of potential (i.e., cardinality) and efficient time-reversal, as adduced from Classical musical compositions such as this, are general for art and science: they involve identical cognitive potentialities of the individual mind.
Employ this musical context to explore a deeper meaning of the future acting upon the present. At first, the thought will be a stunning one; then, gradually, the initial shock of astonishment will gave way to the consoling reassurances of Reason.
When is the future? At what point in time? Similarly, what is the beginning-point in time from which to define the cumulative past with which the future is to collide? The answer to this seeming paradox, was already known by Plato, by Augustine of Hippo, and, therefore, also, Thomas Aquinas: All time is subsumed under a general regime of simultaneity! (See box on Raphaels The School of Athens) The highest expression of change, is that lattice of higher hypotheses which expresses the transfinite notion of hypothesizing the higher hypothesis. What underlies that lattice? That lattice is underlain by what Plato distinguishes as the Good. In the analysis situs of hypothesis, that Good is simultaneously efficient in all times and places which might exist. Thus, in those terms of reference, the past and future, as hypothesis, are existent as efficient agency in each present moment.
Stunning? Consider, and remove the false assumptions which might be attributed, mistakenly, to what has just been uttered here. Does this signify that each and all events are predeterminedpredestined. No: recall the conditions of analysis situs which we have imposed, repeatedly, upon this reports content, from the outset. Everything we have said here on this matter, to the present moment of writing, is premised upon, and delimited to statements respecting the set of relations defined by the general principle of hypothesis, even as Riemanns 1854 habilitation dissertation expresses that Platonic principle as its pivotal foundation. The general set of relations defined by the principle of hypothesis are otherwise describable as relations within an hierarchy of available pathways of change. The ordering principle underlying this hierarchy is cardinality, as we have indicated that principle of ordering of Riemannian physical space-time manifolds here. It is in terms of efficient choices of pathways of change, that the future acts upon the present. So, the choice of conception (higher hypothesis) reached with the conclusion of a Classical piece of motivic thorough-composition, determines the potentialities of each subsumed hypothesis, and, thus, of each interval of tolerable counterpoint, within the composition as a whole.
Therefore, we must anticipate the implications of time-reversal to be manifest in those instances a change in choice of hypothesis, to one of relatively higher cardinality, is demanded of us, as by the eruption of an undeniable anomaly from within the domain of experimental physics.
Physical Economy As The King of the Sciences
Look at that from the standpoint of the science of physical economy. C.F. Gauss famously identified mathematics as The Queen of the Sciences, which, the feminists must excuse us, was intended to indicate that mathematics must not be king. As for Nicolaus of Cusa, for Leibniz, and for Riemann, the essence of physical science lies with the employment of measurement to demonstrate those valid principles of nature accessed through either experimental physics or similar methods of inquiry. It is through experimental physics, and similar methods, that we demonstrate that every valid discovery of principle increases mans power of local intervention into the universe. However, it is only in the domain of physical economy, that we demonstrate the same principle applies to the relationship of mankind to the universe as a whole. Physical economy is The King of the Sciences.
The principle of hypothesis affects the potential relative population-density of mankind by two pathways. In the guises of Classical art-forms, mankind discovers new, higher qualities of institutions, such as the constitutional modern nation-state, the institutions of education, the institutionalization of scientific and technological progress, and so on. In the guise of contributions to progress of science and technology, the productive powers of labor are advanced. It is the interrelation between the two aspects of these changes for human progress, that mankinds functional relationship to the universe is defined.
Human history, and pre-history, so read, shows that the universe is so designed, that whenever mans demand upon the universe is expressed as valid hypothesis, the universe obeys man. That, whenever mans demand upon the universe is expressed as a valid change in hypothesis, the universe obeys mans will. Thus, the pathway of change marked by valid directions in hypothesizing the higher hypothesis, expresses, as experimental physics, and as the increase of potential relative population-density, the lawful ordering of the universe. That demonstration is the essence of science; it is the only source of knowledge of that which we might regard as the laws of the universe. In that sense of the matter, we are obliged to end foolish babbling about scientific objectivity, and think of scientific subjectivity, instead.
In that sense and degree, the ordering within the domain of valid hypothesis does define the lawful ordering which governs the universe. It is upon that premise, that we may be certain of the efficient principle of time-reversal in physics, as well as Classical musical composition.
Consider as a relevant case, the choice of the future expressed by formulation of economic policy by the government of a modern European model of nation-state republic, such as our Federal republic under the anti-British, anti-Metternich, anti-free trade, American System of political-economy, embedded as the intent of our Federal Constitution.
Contrary to the sewage which has spoiled the mainstream of economic-policy thinking the recent thirty years, the making of U.S. economic policy during all successful periods of our history, since the earliest period of the English colonies here, has been premised upon a commitment to investment in scientific and technological progress. Under the governance of such a higher hypothesis of national self-government, each promoted change in patterns of investment, production, employment, and trade, has represented shifts from practice of relatively lower cardinality to higher cardinality. Or, to say the same thing, in effect: In choosing the hypothesis of relatively higher cardinality, we have chosen the better future inhering in the latter hypothesis.
To provide the relevant contrast: Without introducing such considerations, of change of hypothesis, into policy-shaping, the relationship of future to present becomes as paradoxical as it was for Nobel Prize-winner Kenneth Arrow.76 It is the transitions from one phase-space to a higher one, under penalty of entropic technological attrition if we do not so change, which display the functions of time-reversal in a clearer, relatively more immediate way.
It is so in life, as Mozart seeks to remind us in his setting of the Ave Verum Corpus. The test of death: How shall I choose to live under the impact of the certainty of death? From the standpoint represented above, the answer is neither obscure, nor remote.
If I am conscious of the content of my own knowledge and practice, in the manner underlying a Classical humanist form of education, then I know that most of what I know represents valid discoveries of principle effected by individual original discoverers, some known by name, more unknown, most located deep in the lost pages of pre-history. In reenacting their discoveries of principle, I have relived in my mind, moments from the interior of their own. I am closer to these long-deceased persons than to most of the daily associates of my childhood, youth, and adult life. If I aid in transmitting these precious gifts from the past, into the countless generations of the future, and perhaps add one or two such gifts of my own, I am certain that my life will have been a necessary one: both a fulfillment of the past, and a gift to the future. I have thus met the test of death.
That illustration implies the crucial point. It is in the terms of the relations of hypothesis, and in no other way, that the issues of scientific principle are rendered intelligible, even the rudimentary consideration that all processes in the universe are subject, as Wilhelm Webers appreciation of Ampères work, or Max Plancks related discovery attest, to an alteration of their curvature by efficient time-reversal. That principle is already implicit in the deeper meaning which Platos Parmenides supplies to Heracleitus maxim, Nothing is constant, but changenothing is real, nothing is efficient, but the quality of change which is located in the analysis situs of those relations defined by the architecture of hypothesis.
65. The rational employment of the term Classical is a choice of term which references the Classical period of ancient Greece, with emphasis on the Athens-centered culture, from the time of Solon through Alexander the Greats destruction of the Persian Empire. Otherwise, the rational use of the term Classical, is limited either to certain Classical Greek models, or their reflection in modern forms of art and science. In western European civilization, from Augustine of Hippo through the Classical humanist followers of Friedrich Schiller in Nineteenth-century Germany, the term Classical signifies art and science cohering with the rational principles of Plato and his Academy at Athens. In practice, Classical signifies contempt for arbitrary beliefs, in both art and science: e.g., those not governed by Reason. It signifies contempt for arbitrary, erotic effects in art. As noted earlier here: The principles of Classical musical, motivic thorough-composition exemplify the coherence of Reason (e.g., John Keats truth) and Beauty in art, and a degree of rationality which is identical with the function of Reason in science.
66. I.e., Plato: love of justice, love of truth. Cf. Paul, I Corinthians 13. The charismatic feeling according to Agape is never irrational, but always an expression of Reason.
67. The deepest secret of the Romantic existentialism of the proto-Nazi Friedrich Nietzsche, the Nazi Martin Heidegger, Jean-Paul Sartre, the irrationalist Martin Buber, deconstructionist Jacques Derrida, et al., is implicitly disclosed by the notorious Liebestod of Young Europe terrorist R. Wagners Tristan and Isolde (as by Wagners operas and music-dramas generally). A comparison of Jean-Paul Sartres (Sartre-Masochismus) autobiographical rant, with the notion of thrown central to the doctrine of the Nazi ideologue Heidegger, tells us much about the underlying kinship among French existentialists, German Nazis, and also existentialists of the Hannah Arendt and Martin Buber types. The kernel of the doctrine of existentialism is the impulsion to give freedom to (unleash) the inner pig one adduces as the essential kernel of ones innermost self. The lunatic Nietzsche, who has the distinction of being the most candid among the degenerate breed called existentialists, rightly attributes the ancestry of his cult to the Apollo-Dionysus dualism of the satanic, Delphi cult of Gaea-Python/Dionysus-Apollo, and, thus, implicitly, to the Hellenistic cult of Isis-Osiris: the victim whose erotic impulse has carried him, like Adolf Hitler and Heidegger, deep into the depths of Hell.
68. Hence, the intrinsically religious quality of virtually all of the music of these composers. Hence, for related reasons, the intrinsically satanic implications of bringing the dionysiac Christian rock into the churches.
69. Cf. Webster G. Tarpley et al., From Napoleon to Nashville, The New Federalist, Sept. 23, 1996 (Vol. X, No. 37).
70. During World War II, the British propaganda service enlisted Heinrich Heines prophetically insightful Religion and Philosophy in Germany, in warning that Immanuel Kant was a spiritual ancestor of Adolf Hitlers acceptance within Germany. Notable, is the strain of neo-Kantianism running through the positivism of Madame de Staël, her collaborator Saint-Simon, and Auguste Comte, in France, and Hegels accomplice, Karl Savigny, in Germany. The Volksgeist irrationalism flagrantly displayed in Kants Critique of Judgment, running through Savignys Romantic school of law, and Hegels philosophy of history, supplied the rationale for Germanys fatalistic submission to the Anglo-American financier-oligarchys imposition of Adolf Hitlers rule in the legal coup détat of 1933-1934. On the Anglo-American backing for the Hitler coup, see Webster G. Tarpley and Anton Chaitkin, George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography (Washington, D.C.: EIR News Service, 1992); pp. 26-62.
71. Among the greatest enemies of Classical music, on several grounds, are the leading recording companies. Exemplary of these firms endemic, mercenary artistic imbecility, is the question often expressed by a performing ensemble: Shall we do the repeats? In Mozart and Beethoven, for example, there is never carbon-copy repetition, even when repetition might be suggested by the printed text of the score. That is to say, neither Mozart nor Beethoven intended mere repetition, but rather a recapitulation which is apposite to the initial utterance of the text. This is a device borrowed, so to speak, from Classical strophic poetry, which must be performed (and heard in the mind) as a process of constantly ongoing development, never as monotonous sing-song prosody. In the works of these composers, the repeat is always a lead into a new development.
72. The performance of music must never be from text to instrument, but through the digestion of the hearing as performed in rehearsal by no other instrument than the mind itself. Only in such a domain of memory, can the mind hear the interplay among all hypotheses and conclusion as if in relative simultaneity, relative to every interval of the relevant moment of performance. It is in replaying compositions, so, within the polyphony of the mind, and constantly adjusting ones interpretation according to all these considerations at once, that these notions can be mastered by the performer, or the musical audience.
73. Unfortunately, there are performing musicians who attempt to breathe the spirit of such program notes into their performances, with all-too-common catastrophic results. Such obscenities could please no one but music critics and other devotees of the satanic cult of the Zeitgeist.
74. Thus, the importance of the Requiem Mass as a musical subject for Mozart and Beethoven. What joy could be found in the interment of a family member, or close friend, except that we return from such ritual refreshed in our commitment to free living from enslavement to the banal eroticism of petty things, to live a life whose duration shall have become durably necessary for humanity even long after ones passage through life has ended. This is not a matter of symbolisms; it is a matter of Agape, in the sense of the term common to Plato and the Apostle Paul. In all art, all science, the composition whose conclusion defines, retrospectively, every moment of its unfolding, is the heart of the matter. Thus, the test of death; thus, the Agape of the Lacrimosa of Mozarts Requiem, as contrasted with the ugly erotic parody of this Mozart Lacrimosa within the gnostic Hector Berliozs blaring, Bonapartist Requiem.
75. In this way, the true religious feelingAgapeis evoked, by Reason, not as irrationalist, Romantic, psychotomimetic exaltation.
76. Loc. cit.
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