||Testimony of Lyndon LaRouche
Dr. Sergei Glazyev
Testimony of Helga Zepp LaRouche
Testimony of Dr. Tatyana Koryagina,
Academician Dmitri Lvov
Dr. Jonathan Tennenbaum
Sen. Ivo Tarolli
H.E. Datuk Yahya Baba
Physical Economy Page
Strategic Studies Page
LaRouche Address to Physicists
U.S. statesman, philosopher, economist, and Presidential pre-candidate,Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr. spoke before the Russian State Duma's Economics Committee in Moscow on June 29, at the invitation of the Economics Committee's chairman, Dr. Sergei Glazyev. LaRouche's subject was the global financial and economic crisis, and the way to overcome it. In addition to the Duma delegates, more than 100 scientists, economic experts, and media representatives attended the special hearing, whose theme was "Ensuring the Development of the Russian Economy Under Conditions of a Destabilized World Financial System."
Other speakers included Academician Dmitri Lvov of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Helga Zepp-LaRouche, founder of the international Schiller Institutes; Dr. Jonathan Tennenbaum of German Schiller Institute; Sen. Ivo Tarolli, Secretary of Italy's Christian Democratic Center party; H.E. Datuk Yahya Baba, Malaysia's Ambassador to Moscow; and Dr. Tatyana Koryagina, senior economist of the Institute for Macroeconomic Research at the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade.
The appearance of Senator Tarolli is of special note. He has introduced a series of resolutions into the Italian Senate, pressing for government support and aggressive promotion of the New Bretton Woods proposal, first advanced by Lyndon LaRouche, for the convening an international heads-of-state conference, in order to overhaul the bankrupt global financial system. His remarks before the Duma focussed on these proposals.
Addressing the Russian Media
On June 28, Glazyev and LaRouche were featured panelists at a two-hour press conference, in which about 50 media representatives took part, including five television crews and reporters from Izvestiya and the English-language Moscow Times. A transcript of the panelists' opening remarks was distributed in the United States by Federal News Service, under the title, "Press Conference With a Group of Russian and Foreign Experts Regarding the Current Economic Situation in Russia."
LaRouche made three points central to his presentations before the Duma Committee and the press:
* the impossibility of saving the present world financial system from collapse through inflationary tricks, and the pressing need for international agreement on a new Bretton Woods system with fixed exchange rates;
* the opportunity for a worldwide economic upturn, through building development corridors through Eurasia, in which Russia, as both a European and a Eurasian power, takes on decisive importance;
* positive developments in Eurasia, which demonstrate the possibility of realizing the Eurasian Land-Bridge.
LaRouche also cited certain improvements in the political situation in the United States in recent weeks, including the change in power in the U.S. Senate, and growing opposition within the Republican Party, to the policies which Presddent George W. Bush has followed thus far.
On the evening of June 28, LaRouche delivered a lecture on the Russian-Ukrainian scientist Vladimir Vernadsky, before 150 scientists at the Institute of Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, also known as the Lebedev Institute.
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Policy Changes Needed
To Overcome the Collapse
Lyndon LaRouche Testimony to Duma
This is the testimony of U.S. Democratic Presidential Pre-Candidate Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr., to the Russian State Duma's Economics Committee, in Moscow on June 29, 2001.
Presently, the world as a whole is dominated by the fact, that we are in the end-phase of the IMF system, at least as it has existed in the form it developed following U.S. President Nixon's introduction of a so-called "floating exchange-rate" monetary order in mid-August 1971. Contrary to some hysterical propaganda coming out of the now deeply troubled U.S. Bush Administration, nothing can save the present world financial and monetary system in its present form.
A continued refusal to accept certain necessary, sweeping reforms in those systems, would bring about not only an economic catastrophe worse that the worst period of the 1930s economic depression. The present crisis, unless it is stopped by drastically needed reforms, will also be a demographic collapse more or less comparable to what is called by historians "the New Dark Age," which dominated Europe following the Fourteenth-Century bankruptcy of the so-called Lombard banking system.
Therefore, to speak of any economic policy which does not include a early and sweeping reform of the IMF system, is worst than a waste of time.
We can overcome this collapse, but only if we are able to bring about a certain degree of international cooperation around four general intentions. The four essential classes of sweeping changes in the existing monetary and financial system, are as follows.
Changes That Must Be Made
1. The total accumulation of indebtedness in the world today vastly exceeds the amount which could ever be repaid under existing terms and conditions of repayment. If either the creditors or debtors wish to survive, much of this indebtedness should be simply cancelled, as without merit. This includes what are in fact purely gambling debts, called financial derivatives.
What remains of morally legitimate debts, should be reorganized, in both amounts and terms, in the degree such reorganization is an essential precondition for sustainable physical-economic growth in per-capita output. In this reorganization, we must follow the advice of former U.S. Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton, in insisting that the honorably contracted part of the nation's official debt, must be defended, as a precondition for its power to create new credit in the future. The principal amount of all other debt is negotiable under the conditions of a world crisis as disastrous as the present one.
2. As a practical political measure, the revision of the international monetary and financial systems must incorporate the best features of the 1945-1958 cooperation between the U.S.A., Western Europe, and Japan. This must be a vigorously protectionist form of monetary and financial system, solidly based on true partnership among perfectly sovereign nation-states.
3. This reorganization of the world monetary and financial systems, must be based upon the use of large-scale, long-term cooperation in infrastructural development within, and among nations, and heavy emphasis upon adopted targets of scientific and technological progress. The pivot for world economic growth, should be a new system of transcontinental cooperation among the sovereign nation-states of continental Eurasia.
4. Those regions, within and among nations, which can generate "fountains" of scientific and technological output to regions which are deficient in their available supply of such technology, must be envisaged as the suppliers of not money-loans, but long-term purchasing credit, at nominal borrowing-costs. Continental Eurasia should be the center of such global economic recovery and growth, but all the world will benefit through participation as partners in that effort.
Since the general cycle of development based upon the combination of infrastructure and more advanced technologies is approximately a quarter-century, the system of credit and payments should be based on cycles of about a generation, and at simple interest-rates on borrowed purchase-credit at between 1% and 2% simple interest.
Under the conditions created by a general bankruptcy now pervading the world's principal banking systems, the required credit must be generated by political actions of sovereign governments, using newly created national-banking institutions as the pivotal agencies through which relevant agreements are coordinated.
Inevitably, there will be many who scream in protest against the return to the protectionist practices associated with the names of economists such as Leibniz, Hamilton, List, and Carey. No amount of such screaming will change the basic fact, that the system of "free trade" and "globalization," has proven itself a catastrophic failure, relative to the protectionist policies of the 1945-1958 interval. The U.S.A., the putatively leading economy of the world, is presently bankrupt, and under any continuation of the Bush Administration's present policies, hopelessly bankrupt. In the meantime, the movement toward cooperation within continental Eurasia, already represents the cornerstone for the kind of cooperation needed to rescue at least much of the world from the presently onrushing global financial, monetary, and trade crisis.
The Role of the U.S.A.
It would appear to many, that, since the present U.S. Bush Administration is hysterically opposed to any reforms along the lines I have outlined, the reforms I have indicated would be unrealistic ones. Behind that Administration's mask of mixed self-delusion and willful deception, the reality is quite different than many around the world have been misled to believe.
If you look at the widely circulated broadcast and other reports I have given since late November of this past year, the current Bush administration has followed the ill-fated course of policy-making I had warned it would, during the period prior to Jan. 20 of this current year. Already, as a result of Bush Administration blunders against which I had warned, the first phase of a political revolt against the new Administration has occurred, in the form of a Democratic Party regaining of control of the U.S. Senate.
Now, as the second quarter of 2001 has been a worse catastrophe than the first, and the third is on the way, the currently leading internal political issues of the U.S., energy, inflation, and health care, will be taken over by growing panic over the obvious onrush of a general economic depression.
With the presently accelerating collapse of the U.S. as the world's chief importer of last resort for Asia and other parts of the world as a whole, the world is near to that sense of global crisis, at which the need for a general, more or less planet-wide monetary and financial reform will be a leading theme of political discussion in many parts of the world, including the U.S.A. itself.
I shall not predict that the U.S.A. will be prepared to propose cooperation with the kinds of economic and related cooperation with which President Putin's efforts are associated. I merely say that under the likely changes in mood now developing within the U.S.A., the dumping of fanatics such as Zbigniew Brzezinski, in favor of U.S. cooperation with a Eurasian development perspective, ought to become U.S. policy. It should been seen as a policy well worth working to make a reality.
A growing number of influential U.S. circles, within the U.S. Democratic Party, and other circles, are now persuaded that my warnings and proposals are relevant. I am presently enjoying some significant political support for these efforts inside the U.S. and elsewhere. However, since, in politics, nothing good is ever guaranteed by fate, we must work all the harder for success.
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The Eurasian Land-Bridge
As a War-Avoidance Strategy
Helga Zepp-LaRouche Testimony to Duma
This is the presentation of Helga Zepp-LaRouche to the Russian State Duma's Economics Committee, on June 29, 2001 in Moscow.
Since the 1995 Halifax summit, but above all, since the Russian GKO crisis and the near-collapse of the world's biggest hedge fund, LTCM [Long Term Capital Management], the governments of the G7 have had recourse to only one measure: pumping unbelievable amounts of liquidity [into the markets]. The speculative bubble in the "New Economy," which was the direct result of this liquidity pumping, has burst, and inflation, which had earlier represented asset-price inflation, is now spreading as commodity-price inflation, with a tendency towards hyperinflation. At the same time, due to internal economic breakdown, the United States is losing its role as the importer of last resort, which has hit Asian exports particularly hard: The tendency towards depression is increasing worldwide: banking crises, mass layoffs, depression. What is threatened, is a breakdown of the global financial system, of a sort not witnessed since the Fourteenth Century.
Was this development foreseeable? The answer is, loud and clear: Yes!
When, in November 1989, after the fall of the Berlin Wall, signs of the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact and the Soviet Union emerged, Lyndon LaRouche warned that it would lead to a catastrophe, if one attempted then to replace the collapsing economic system of the East, with the equally bankrupt free-market system of the West. The paradigm shift, over the preceding 25 years, which, through a long series of neo-liberal steps, had undermined the foundations of the economy, in favor of speculation, would inevitably lead to the collapse of the system.
LaRouche proposed, instead, to go back to the principles of physical economy, in the tradition of Leibniz, List, Mendeleyev, and Witte. He presented the grand vision of a program for the "Paris-Berlin-Vienna Productive Triangle," as the locomotive for infrastructural and economic integration of Eastern and Western Europe, and for the development of the East. This concept called for the integration of the no-longer-divided industrial centers lying within the Trianglethe size of Japanand the most developed industrial capacities in the world represented there, through modern infrastructure, like the Transrapid [magnetic levitation railway]. Investments in frontier technologies were to enhance the productivity of labor power and productive plant facilities, as well as exports, especially in technology and capital-goods sectors.
From this "Productive Triangle," so-called development corridors were to radiate out, from Berlin to Warsaw and St. Petersburg, via Prague and Kiev to Moscow, and through the Balkans to Istanbul. Integrated infrastructure projects, with high-speed railways, highways, and waterways, and computerized railway stations, were to constitute the transportation arteries of these 100 meter-wide corridors, along which the most modern technologies and industries could be brought into the East.
Instead of dealing an economic death blow to the allegedly obsolete industries of the Comecon, as the reformers of the IMF and shock therapy did, the industries of the East, though obsolete from a world-market standpoint, could, as valuable industries of the East, have been utilized, and could have played a meaningful role in the construction of the transportation arteries and networks; only then, after they had been "used up" in a certain sense, would they have been idled.
LaRouche's warnings of the danger of the free-market economy, as well as his vision of the "Productive Triangle" as the motor of a reconstruction program for the East, and thereby the core of a global reconstruction program, were spread by myself and other members of the Schiller Institute to all leading circles in Eastern and Western Europe, beginning in January 1990, through numerous conferences, as well as to the broader public, through our publications. Had these programs been implemented at that time, they would have led to the biggest economic boom of the century.
But the great opportunity, to place East-West relations, for the first time in the Twentieth Century, on a completely new basis, of peace through development, was missed. Margaret Thatcher, François Mitterrand and George Bush [Sr.], chose the geopolitical option of excluduing Russia as a potential competitor, from the world market, and reducing it to a raw-materials exporter. Bush proclaimed the "New World Order," which, like globalization, turned out to be the expression of Anglo-American unilateralism.
In 1991, when the disintegration of the Soviet Union rendered necessary a new political and economic perspective, LaRouche proposed extending the "Productive Triangle" to the "Eurasian Land-Bridge," which should run along three main corridors: "Corridor A," the Trans-Siberian railway and the line of the ancient Silk Road; "Corridor B," from China, via Central Asia and Eastern Europe; and "Corridor C," from Indonesia, through India, Iran, and Turkey, into Western Europe.
Through an entire system of auxiliary corridors, the whole Eurasian continent was to be connected. These corridors were not supposed to be just transport connections, but infrastructure arteries, around which advanced technologies could be brought in, so as to no longer merely extract raw materials, but to process them on the spot, and in this way build up modern industries. So, for the first time, these landlocked areas of the vast Eurasian continent could enjoy the same geographical advantages that were previously the privilege only of territories with access to the oceans.
To service existing populations and the expected population growth, especially in the densely populated areas of Asia, approximately 1,000 cities were to be built along the corridors. Inherently safe nuclear reactor models, such as the High Temperature Reactor, were to be built to supply abundant energy to industry, agriculture, and cities. Between 1992 and today, the Schiller Institute presented the conception of the Eurasian Land-Bridgeincluding its extensions via the Bering Strait into the Americas, and via the Middle East into Africaas a global reconstruction program for a just new world economic order, to literally thousands of conference and seminar audiences in all five continents.
A Worldwide Land-Bridge Movement
After the Beijing "International Symposium on the Development of the Regions along the New Eurasian Land-Bridge," a conference which took place after two years of intense preparation on the suggestion of the Schiller Institute, and in which Dr. [Jonathan] Tennenbaum and myself participated as speakers, we escalated this organizing. We also, in the same time frame, organized a series of seminars with participants from the various cultures of Eurasia, to deepen the understanding of each other's scientific, economic, philosophical, and cultural traditionsand where they are similar, to deepen the foundations for a dialogue among our cultures. I can proudly say, that we have created a worldwide movement for the Eurasian Land-Bridge!
Given the fact that I am a German citizen, I wish to address the issue also from a specific German point of view. On one level, it is self-evident that the development of Eurasia is in Germany's fundamental self-interest. Because of the relative scarcety of raw materials, the German economy only functions if it concentrates on continuous progress in science and technology and their application in the productive process, and if Germany has expanding markets with ever more prosperous customers. Under the regime of the "free market" and "globalization," Germany has lost many of its traditional markets, and, therefore, needs the Eurasian Land-Bridge perspective.
On a deeper level: We in Germany remember very well the connection between depression and war. In light of the threat of a global depression and the many already obvious dynamics, out of which new terrible wars could develop, it is useful to review the debate which took place in Germany during the world economic crises in the 1930s. The transcripts of a secret conference of the Friedrich List Society of Sept. 16-17, 1931, were first published in 1991. The subject of the conference was how to boost the economy under conditions of the simultaneity of a depression and a crisis of the financial system. Among the participants were Reichbank President Dr. Hans Luther, and about 30 leading bankers, industrialists, and economists. The keynote speaker was Dr. Wilhelm Lautenbach, an important economist and high official in the German Economics Ministry.
In his memorandum, he [Lautenbach] argued: "The natural course for overcoming an economic and financial emergency" is "not to limit economic activity, but to increase it. Under crisis conditions, the market, the sole regulator of the capitalist economy, does not provide any obvious positive directives." In a depression and/or a financial collapse, there would exist the paradoxical situation, that "despite curtailed production, demand is less than supply, thus leading to the tendency to decrease production further."
Neither budget cutting, which reduces public contracts and mass puchasing power even further, nor lowering the interest rates, nor tax cuts, can solve the problem, but rather, they aggrevate it, argued Lautenbach.
The key to the solution is to use the "surplus of commodities, unused production capacities and unemployed labor. "The use of this largely unutilized latitude for production is the actual and most urgent task of economic policy, and it is simple to solve, in principle." The state must "produce a new national economic demand," but it must "represent a national investment for the economy. One should think of such tasks as ... public or publicly supported works, which signify value added for the economy, and would have to be done anyway, under normal conditions"for example, roads, highways, and railroads.
Lautenbach then argued that the initial boost of infrastructure and investment projects would lead to an upward juncture of the whole economy, and that the [increased] tax revenue of the rejuvenated economy would be larger than the initial credit lines given by the state.
Had the Lautenbach plan of 1931 been implemented, the economic and political conditions would have improved in such a way, that the National Socialists would have had no chance to come to power, and World War II could have been avoided.
The realization of the Eurasian Land-Bridge is, therefore, today the best war-avoidance policy. It also represents the necessary vision of hope for the populations, which deserve a better Twenty-First Century than was the Twentieth.
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For background and further elaboration on these ideas, please visit:
New Bretton Woods Page
World Economic Crisis
Bad Schwalbach Conference, May 2001
Meet Lyndon LaRouche